OODA - Observe

About OODA - Observe

In this step, it is important to assess the situation before choosing any course of action. In the case of radicalisation, this might entail observing the behaviour of an individual or actions of a group. Work in SAFIRE that looks at the observation phase includes, for example, the identification of observable indicators of radicalisation and the work on typologies of radical groups.

See below for relevant Focus documents within the step of OBSERVE.

List of publications

What we gained: Practice and Science
H.J. Griffioen-Young and A.J. van Vliet, TNO
Taking a bird’s eye view of SAFIRE: The project’s main conclusions
Observable indicators of possible radicalisation
J. Pliner, ISCA
An operational tool developed from actual practices of first-line workers across Europe to help counter- and de-radicalization practitioners identify individuals who may be in the process of radicalization, and how to use this tool in a way that preserves citizens' democratic rights
Operational indicators
P. Goetz, CEIS
Using analysis grids in order to obtain the profile of a violent radical group or individual
Clusters of groups and individuals
M. de Maupeou, CEIS
Identifying the nature of an emerging violent radical threat through group and individual clustering
On self-deradicalisation
J.L. Marret, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
Self-deradicalisation, as a self-driven process, does not seem to have ever been considered per se, though it is possible that many radicals remain unknown or undetected and, after a while, stop being radical on their own accord. Some theoretical corpuses deserve to be examined on this matter, as a very preliminary conceptual perspective.
Confrontation in deradicalisation interventions (some challenges)
J.L. Marret, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
It can be assumed that in view of the specific nature of some interventions (especially the most coercive ones) specific concerns regarding physical or verbal violence directed towards the practitioners, who carry out the interventions, might arise.
Radicalisation in the digital era
A. Reding, C.e Edwards and L. Gribbon, RAND Europe
The role of the internet in radicalisation and terrorism
Limitations to the terrorism literature
A. Reding, L. Clutterbuch, T. Hellgren, J. Gilbert and R. Warnes, RAND Europe
How limited primary and causal research undermines the literature on terrorism