OODA - Orient

About OODA - Orient

This is considered one of the most important steps in the decision-making process. Our own lens, based on for instance culture and experience, shapes the way we evaluate a situation and as a result, the decisions we make and the way we act. In this step, the decision maker interprets the observations from the previous step and draws conclusions that strongly determine how to proceed or even if we proceed: Does an individual or group pose a threat? Have they become radicalised to a point where they are committing or are likely to commit violent attacks? Work in SAFIRE relevant to this stage includes the work on operational indicators, on network analysis as a tool to help understand and deal with radicalisation, and on cultural factors that affect radicalisation.

See below for relevant Focus documents within the step of ORIENT.

List of publications

What we gained: Practice and Science
H.J. Griffioen-Young and A.J. van Vliet, TNO
Taking a bird’s eye view of SAFIRE: The project’s main conclusions
(Legal) constraints in terms of group targeting
A. van Gorp, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht
Differences between EC countries in allowing the selection of specific groups for social programmes
Managing terrorist offenders upon release from prison
E. Disley, K. Weed and A. Reding, RAND Europe
Is multi-agency offender management appropriate for terrorist offenders released from prison?
Observable indicators of possible radicalisation
J. Pliner, ISCA
An operational tool developed from actual practices of first-line workers across Europe to help counter- and de-radicalization practitioners identify individuals who may be in the process of radicalization, and how to use this tool in a way that preserves citizens' democratic rights
Operational indicators
P. Goetz, CEIS
Using analysis grids in order to obtain the profile of a violent radical group or individual
Clusters of groups and individuals
M. de Maupeou, CEIS
Identifying the nature of an emerging violent radical threat through group and individual clustering
The added value of network science in understanding radicalisation: how to look
A.J. van Vliet, TNO
This paper focuses on how network theory and technology can help improve the understanding of the processes of radicalisation so enhance description and understanding of principles of effective interventions. Ultimately, this can be used to prevent, halt or reverse processes of violent radicalisation in Europe
The added value of network science in understanding radicalisation: what we see
A.J. van Vliet, TNO
This paper focuses on what can be seen by applying network theory and technology to empirical evidence of cases of violent radicalisation in Europe
Cultural factors
Joaquim Pires Valentim, Ana Figueiredo, Joana Duarte, University of Coimbra and Dianne van Hemert, TNO
National cultural factors associated with processes of radicalisation leading to terrorism
Key socio-psychological factors in preventive and suppressive interventions
A. R. Feddes, L. Mann and B. Doosje, University of Amsterdam
In this document socio-psychological factors are described that need to be taken into account when intervening to prevent violent radicalisation or stimulate de-radicalisation
On self-deradicalisation
J.L. Marret, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
Self-deradicalisation, as a self-driven process, does not seem to have ever been considered per se, though it is possible that many radicals remain unknown or undetected and, after a while, stop being radical on their own accord. Some theoretical corpuses deserve to be examined on this matter, as a very preliminary conceptual perspective.
Confrontation in deradicalisation interventions (some challenges)
J.L. Marret, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
It can be assumed that in view of the specific nature of some interventions (especially the most coercive ones) specific concerns regarding physical or verbal violence directed towards the practitioners, who carry out the interventions, might arise.
Radicalisation in the digital era
A. Reding, C.e Edwards and L. Gribbon, RAND Europe
The role of the internet in radicalisation and terrorism
Democracy and deradicalisation programmes
A. van Gorp (University of Applied Sciences Utrecht) and A. Roosendaal (TNO)
Should a government be allowed to intervene in pre- or non-violent radicalisation?